Holy shroud carbon dating
"All empirical evidence and logical reasoning concerning the shroud of Turin will lead any objective, rational person to the firm conclusion that the shroud is an artifact created by an artist in the fourteenth-century."The "shroud" of Turin is a woven cloth about 14 feet long and 3.5 feet wide with an image of a man on it.
Actually, it has two images, one frontal and one rear, with the heads meeting in the middle.
Of course, the evidence is limited almost exclusively to pointing out facts that would be true the shroud were authentic.
Riggi died in 2008, but the fibers were transferred to Fanti through the cultural institute Fondazione 3M. Having taken into account differences resulting from the various environments and pollutant levels to which the fabrics were exposed, he’s confident any remaining unaccounted variables are included in the 500-year window within which he placed his primary date of 33 B. Doubts Because of the manner in which Fanti obtained the shroud fibers, many are dubious about his findings.
According to Fanti, both the infrared light beam and the red laser of the Raman spectroscope excite the molecules of the material, and the resulting reflections make it possible “to evaluate the concentration of particular substances contained in the cellulose of the linen fibers.” Because cellulose degrades over time, he said, “it is therefore possible to determine a correlation with the age of the fabric.” Fanti compared his results with nine other ancient textiles of known provenance, with ages from 3000 B. The shroud’s official custodian, Archbishop Cesare Nosiglia of Turin, told “There is no degree of safety on the authenticity of the materials on which these experiments were carried out [on] the shroud cloth.” Responded Fanti, “He did not read my book, and especially its appendix in which the traceability of the samples is clearly shown.” According to Fanti, Riggi unstitched the backing cloth that was sewn onto the shroud in 1532 to protect it after it was damaged in a fire and vacuumed some of the dust that had accumulated between the two sheets, catching this residue on a series of filters.
[The 10 Most Controversial Miracles] "One of the most abundant human mitochondrial haplotypes, among those discovered on the shroud, is still very rare in western Europe, and it is typical of the Druze community, an ethnic group that has some origin in Egypt and that lives mainly in restricted areas between Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, Israel and Palestine," Barcaccia told Live Science in an email.
The oldest DNA snippets (which tend to be shorter because DNA breaks down over time) are found in many places on the shroud, and come from genetic lineages typically found only in India, Barcaccia said.